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Scoping Implementation Science for the Beginner: Locating Yourself on the "Subway Line" Of Translational Research.

Lane-Fall MB, Curran GM, Beidas RS


June 27th, 2019

Appears In

BMC Medical Research Methodology

External Link

External Link


Beginners to the discipline of implementation science often struggle to determine whether their research questions “count” as implementation science.


In this paper, three implementation scientists share a heuristic tool to help investigators determine where their research questions fall in the translational research continuum. They use a “subway model” that envisions a journey to implementation research with stops along the way at efficacy and effectiveness research.


A series of structured questions about intervention efficacy, effectiveness, and implementation can help guide researchers to select research questions and appropriate study designs along the spectrum of translational research.

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