Launched in 2012 by Dr. Halpern with the support of the Otto Haas Charitable Trust, the Fostering Improvement in End-of-Life Decision Science (FIELDS) Program is the world’s first research program dedicated to using principles of behavioral economics to understand and improve upon the end-of-life decisions made by patients, caregivers, and clinicians. The mechanistic insights into end-of-life decision making generated by the FIELDS Program often provide the “basic science” upon which scalable interventions tested by the PAIR Center are built. The FIELDS program sits jointly within the PAIR Center and Penn’s Center for Health Incentives and Behavioral Economics (CHIBE), a sister center of the PAIR Center.
The Acute Care Health Services Research Group started in March 2010 as a small group of investigators and trainees interested in the question of what happens to patients, clinicians, and processes of care when intensive care units get “strained.” The group has expanded to include critical care faculty and fellows, epidemiology PhD students, and faculty and staff statisticians interested in a broad array of questions relevant to critical care policy and delivery.
The Center for Health Incentives and Behavioral Economics (CHIBE) at the Leonard Davis Institute applies principles from behavioral economics to reduce the disease burden from major U.S. public health problems and improve health and healthy behavior. Together with the PAIR Center, CHIBE supports the work of the Fostering Improvement in End-of-Life Decision Science Program.
Recognizing the critical role that nurses play in healthcare delivery among seriously ill patients, the PAIR Center will synthesize and expand its work through its partnership with the NewCourtland Center for Transitions and Health, led by Director Mary Naylor, PhD, FAAN, RN at the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing. In collaboration with PAIR Center faculty, interdisciplinary and nurse researchers from the NewCourtland Center will bring to bear scholarship in evidence-based approaches to transitional health and health care to grow the science of interventions targeting seriously ill patients receiving intensive and palliative healthcare services.
The Penn Center for Perioperative Outcomes Research and Transformation (CPORT) focuses on improving the health and well-being of patients undergoing surgery, critical care, and pain treatment through high-quality comparative effectiveness research and implementation science. Located within the Perelman School of Medicine’s Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, CPORT brings together investigators from a wide range of disciplines to tackle questions of pressing importance to clinical care and health policy.
Led by Rinad Beidas, PhD, Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Medical Ethics & Health Policy, the Penn Implementation Science Center (PISCE) @ LDI is focused on advancing the science of implementation and training the next generation of implementation researchers. A core priority of PISCE@LDI is to bridge the gap between evidence and practice. PAIR Center faculty partner with PISCE@LDI on a number of programmatic offerings, including grant-funded projects, an education program, an annual Implementation Science Institute, and bi-monthly works in progress meetings.